Global One-off Chopsticks Sales Market Report 2021

  • Published Date : 10-08-2021
  • Pages : 103
  • Report Id : 50713
  • Categories : Consumer Goods

This report studies the global One-off Chopsticks market status and forecast, categorizes the global One-off Chopsticks market size (value & volume) by key players, type, application, and region. This report focuses on the top players in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia India and Other regions (Middle East & Africa, Central & South America).

The global One-off Chopsticks market is valued at million US$ in 2020 and will reach million US$ by the end of 2027, growing at a CAGR of during 2021-2027.

The major players covered in this report
Nanchang Sanyou Industrial
Besta Bamboo Machine
Nine Zero Trade and Development
Pacific East Company
Ngoc Chau Enterprise
Dom Agri Products
Georgia
Blooming Wave
Senior Care Innovation

Geographically, this report studies the key regions, focuses on product sales, value, market share and growth opportunity in these regions, covering
United States
Europe
China
Japan
Southeast Asia
India

We can also provide the customized separate regional or country-level reports, for the following regions:
North America
United States
Canada
Mexico
Asia-Pacific
China
India
Japan
South Korea
Australia
Indonesia
Singapore
Rest of Asia-Pacific
Europe
Germany
France
UK
Italy
Spain
Russia
Rest of Europe
Central & South America
Brazil
Argentina
Rest of South America
Middle East & Africa
Saudi Arabia
Turkey
Rest of Middle East & Africa

On the basis of product, this report displays the production, revenue, price, market share and growth rate of each type, primarily split into
Bamboo
Plastic
Aspen Wood
Stainless Steels
On the basis on the end users/applications, this report focuses on the status and outlook for major applications/end users, sales volume, market share and growth rate for each application, including
Household
Restaurant
Commercial

The study objectives of this report are:
To analyze and study the global One-off Chopsticks sales, value, status (2016-2020) and forecast (2021-2027);
To analyze the top players in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India, to study the sales, value and market share of top players in these regions.
Focuses on the key One-off Chopsticks players, to study the sales, value, market share and development plans in future.
Focuses on the global key manufacturers, to define, describe and analyze the market competition landscape, SWOT analysis.
To define, describe and forecast the market by type, application and region.
To analyze the global and key regions market potential and advantage, opportunity and challenge, restraints and risks.
To identify significant trends and factors driving or inhibiting the market growth.
To analyze the opportunities in the market for stakeholders by identifying the high growth segments.
To strategically analyze each submarket with respect to individual growth trend and their contribution to the market
To analyze competitive developments such as expansions, agreements, new product launches, and acquisitions in the market
To strategically profile the key players and comprehensively analyze their growth strategies.

In this study, the years considered to estimate the market size of One-off Chopsticks are as follows:
History Year: 2016-2020
Base Year: 2020
Estimated Year: 2021
Forecast Year 2021 to 2027

For the data information by region, company, type and application, 2020 is considered as the base year. Whenever data information was unavailable for the base year, the prior year has been considered.

Key Stakeholders
One-off Chopsticks Manufacturers
One-off Chopsticks Distributors/Traders/Wholesalers
One-off Chopsticks Subcomponent Manufacturers
Industry Association
Downstream Vendors

Available Customizations
With the given market data, offers customizations according to the company's specific needs. The following customization options are available for the report:
Regional and country-level analysis of the One-off Chopsticks market, by end-use.
Detailed analysis and profiles of additional market players.
End of Summary


Table of Contents

Global One-off Chopsticks Sales Market Report 2021
1 One-off Chopsticks Market Overview
1.1 Product Overview and Scope of One-off Chopsticks
1.2 Classification of One-off Chopsticks by Product Category
1.2.1 Global One-off Chopsticks Market Size (Sales) Comparison by Type (2016-2027)
1.2.2 Global One-off Chopsticks Market Size (Sales) Market Share by Type (Product Category) in 2017
1.2.3 Bamboo
1.2.4 Plastic
1.2.5 Aspen Wood
1.2.6 Stainless Steels
1.3 Global One-off Chopsticks Market by Application/End Users
1.3.1 Global One-off Chopsticks Sales (Volume) and Market Share Comparison by Application (2016-2027)
1.3.1 Household
1.3.2 Restaurant
1.3.3 Commercial
1.4 Global One-off Chopsticks Market by Region
1.4.1 Global One-off Chopsticks Market Size (Value) Comparison by Region (2016-2027)
1.4.2 United States One-off Chopsticks Status and Prospect (2016-2027)
1.4.3 Europe One-off Chopsticks Status and Prospect (2016-2027)
1.4.4 China One-off Chopsticks Status and Prospect (2016-2027)
1.4.5 Japan One-off Chopsticks Status and Prospect (2016-2027)
1.4.6 Southeast Asia One-off Chopsticks Status and Prospect (2016-2027)
1.4.7 India One-off Chopsticks Status and Prospect (2016-2027)
1.5 Global Market Size (Value and Volume) of One-off Chopsticks (2016-2027)
1.5.1 Global One-off Chopsticks Sales and Growth Rate (2016-2027)
1.5.2 Global One-off Chopsticks Revenue and Growth Rate (2016-2027)

2 Global One-off Chopsticks Competition by Players/Suppliers, Type and Application
2.1 Global One-off Chopsticks Market Competition by Players/Suppliers
2.1.1 Global One-off Chopsticks Sales and Market Share of Key Players/Suppliers (2016-2021)
2.1.2 Global One-off Chopsticks Revenue and Share by Players/Suppliers (2016-2021)
2.2 Global One-off Chopsticks (Volume and Value) by Type
2.2.1 Global One-off Chopsticks Sales and Market Share by Type (2016-2021)
2.2.2 Global One-off Chopsticks Revenue and Market Share by Type (2016-2021)
2.3 Global One-off Chopsticks (Volume and Value) by Region
2.3.1 Global One-off Chopsticks Sales and Market Share by Region (2016-2021)
2.3.2 Global One-off Chopsticks Revenue and Market Share by Region (2016-2021)
2.4 Global One-off Chopsticks (Volume) by Application

3 United States One-off Chopsticks (Volume, Value and Sales Price)
3.1 United States One-off Chopsticks Sales and Value (2016-2021)
3.1.1 United States One-off Chopsticks Sales and Growth Rate (2016-2021)
3.1.2 United States One-off Chopsticks Revenue and Growth Rate (2016-2021)
3.1.3 United States One-off Chopsticks Sales Price Trend (2016-2021)
3.2 United States One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume and Market Share by Players (2016-2021)
3.3 United States One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume and Market Share by Type (2016-2021)
3.4 United States One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume and Market Share by Application (2016-2021)

4 Europe One-off Chopsticks (Volume, Value and Sales Price)
4.1 Europe One-off Chopsticks Sales and Value (2016-2021)
4.1.1 Europe One-off Chopsticks Sales and Growth Rate (2016-2021)
4.1.2 Europe One-off Chopsticks Revenue and Growth Rate (2016-2021)
4.1.3 Europe One-off Chopsticks Sales Price Trend (2016-2021)
4.2 Europe One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume and Market Share by Players (2016-2021)
4.3 Europe One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume and Market Share by Type (2016-2021)
4.4 Europe One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume and Market Share by Application (2016-2021)

5 China One-off Chopsticks (Volume, Value and Sales Price)
5.1 China One-off Chopsticks Sales and Value (2016-2021)
5.1.1 China One-off Chopsticks Sales and Growth Rate (2016-2021)
5.1.2 China One-off Chopsticks Revenue and Growth Rate (2016-2021)
5.1.3 China One-off Chopsticks Sales Price Trend (2016-2021)
5.2 China One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume and Market Share by Players (2016-2021)
5.3 China One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume and Market Share by Type (2016-2021)
5.4 China One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume and Market Share by Application (2016-2021)

6 Japan One-off Chopsticks (Volume, Value and Sales Price)
6.1 Japan One-off Chopsticks Sales and Value (2016-2021)
6.1.1 Japan One-off Chopsticks Sales and Growth Rate (2016-2021)
6.1.2 Japan One-off Chopsticks Revenue and Growth Rate (2016-2021)
6.1.3 Japan One-off Chopsticks Sales Price Trend (2016-2021)
6.2 Japan One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume and Market Share by Players (2016-2021)
6.3 Japan One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume and Market Share by Type (2016-2021)
6.4 Japan One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume and Market Share by Application (2016-2021)

7 Southeast Asia One-off Chopsticks (Volume, Value and Sales Price)
7.1 Southeast Asia One-off Chopsticks Sales and Value (2016-2021)
7.1.1 Southeast Asia One-off Chopsticks Sales and Growth Rate (2016-2021)
7.1.2 Southeast Asia One-off Chopsticks Revenue and Growth Rate (2016-2021)
7.1.3 Southeast Asia One-off Chopsticks Sales Price Trend (2016-2021)
7.2 Southeast Asia One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume and Market Share by Players (2016-2021)
7.3 Southeast Asia One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume and Market Share by Type (2016-2021)
7.4 Southeast Asia One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume and Market Share by Application (2016-2021)

8 India One-off Chopsticks (Volume, Value and Sales Price)
8.1 India One-off Chopsticks Sales and Value (2016-2021)
8.1.1 India One-off Chopsticks Sales and Growth Rate (2016-2021)
8.1.2 India One-off Chopsticks Revenue and Growth Rate (2016-2021)
8.1.3 India One-off Chopsticks Sales Price Trend (2016-2021)
8.2 India One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume and Market Share by Players (2016-2021)
8.3 India One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume and Market Share by Type (2016-2021)
8.4 India One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume and Market Share by Application (2016-2021)

9 Global One-off Chopsticks Players/Suppliers Profiles and Sales Data
9.1 Nanchang Sanyou Industrial
9.1.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors
9.1.2 One-off Chopsticks Product Category, Application and Specification
9.1.2.1 Product A
9.1.2.2 Product B
9.1.3 Nanchang Sanyou Industrial One-off Chopsticks Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2016-2021)
9.1.4 Main Business/Business Overview
9.2 Besta Bamboo Machine
9.2.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors
9.2.2 One-off Chopsticks Product Category, Application and Specification
9.2.2.1 Product A
9.2.2.2 Product B
9.2.3 Besta Bamboo Machine One-off Chopsticks Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2016-2021)
9.2.4 Main Business/Business Overview
9.3 Nine Zero Trade and Development
9.3.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors
9.3.2 One-off Chopsticks Product Category, Application and Specification
9.3.2.1 Product A
9.3.2.2 Product B
9.3.3 Nine Zero Trade and Development One-off Chopsticks Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2016-2021)
9.3.4 Main Business/Business Overview
9.4 Pacific East Company
9.4.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors
9.4.2 One-off Chopsticks Product Category, Application and Specification
9.4.2.1 Product A
9.4.2.2 Product B
9.4.3 Pacific East Company One-off Chopsticks Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2016-2021)
9.4.4 Main Business/Business Overview
9.5 Ngoc Chau Enterprise
9.5.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors
9.5.2 One-off Chopsticks Product Category, Application and Specification
9.5.2.1 Product A
9.5.2.2 Product B
9.5.3 Ngoc Chau Enterprise One-off Chopsticks Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2016-2021)
9.5.4 Main Business/Business Overview
9.6 Dom Agri Products
9.6.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors
9.6.2 One-off Chopsticks Product Category, Application and Specification
9.6.2.1 Product A
9.6.2.2 Product B
9.6.3 Dom Agri Products One-off Chopsticks Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2016-2021)
9.6.4 Main Business/Business Overview
9.7 Georgia
9.7.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors
9.7.2 One-off Chopsticks Product Category, Application and Specification
9.7.2.1 Product A
9.7.2.2 Product B
9.7.3 Georgia One-off Chopsticks Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2016-2021)
9.7.4 Main Business/Business Overview
9.8 Blooming Wave
9.8.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors
9.8.2 One-off Chopsticks Product Category, Application and Specification
9.8.2.1 Product A
9.8.2.2 Product B
9.8.3 Blooming Wave One-off Chopsticks Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2016-2021)
9.8.4 Main Business/Business Overview
9.9 Senior Care Innovation
9.9.1 Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors
9.9.2 One-off Chopsticks Product Category, Application and Specification
9.9.2.1 Product A
9.9.2.2 Product B
9.9.3 Senior Care Innovation One-off Chopsticks Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2016-2021)
9.9.4 Main Business/Business Overview

10 One-off Chopsticks Maufacturing Cost Analysis
10.1 One-off Chopsticks Key Raw Materials Analysis
10.1.1 Key Raw Materials
10.1.2 Price Trend of Key Raw Materials
10.1.3 Key Suppliers of Raw Materials
10.1.4 Market Concentration Rate of Raw Materials
10.2 Proportion of Manufacturing Cost Structure
10.2.1 Raw Materials
10.2.2 Labor Cost
10.2.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of One-off Chopsticks
10.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of One-off Chopsticks

11 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers
11.1 One-off Chopsticks Industrial Chain Analysis
11.2 Upstream Raw Materials Sourcing
11.3 Raw Materials Sources of One-off Chopsticks Major Manufacturers in 2017
11.4 Downstream Buyers

12 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders
12.1 Marketing Channel
12.1.1 Direct Marketing
12.1.2 Indirect Marketing
12.1.3 Marketing Channel Development Trend
12.2 Market Positioning
12.2.1 Pricing Strategy
12.2.2 Brand Strategy
12.2.3 Target Client
12.3 Distributors/Traders List

13 Market Effect Factors Analysis
13.1 Technology Progress/Risk
13.1.1 Substitutes Threat
13.1.2 Technology Progress in Related Industry
13.2 Consumer Needs/Customer Preference Change
13.3 Economic/Political Environmental Change

14 Global One-off Chopsticks Market Forecast (2021-2027)
14.1 Global One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume, Revenue and Price Forecast (2021-2027)
14.1.1 Global One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume and Growth Rate Forecast (2021-2027)
14.1.2 Global One-off Chopsticks Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2021-2027)
14.1.3 Global One-off Chopsticks Price and Trend Forecast (2021-2027)
14.2 Global One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume, Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast by Region (2021-2027)
14.2.1 Global One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume and Growth Rate Forecast by Regions (2021-2027)
14.2.2 Global One-off Chopsticks Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast by Regions (2021-2027)
14.2.3 United States One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume, Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2021-2027)
14.2.4 Europe One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume, Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2021-2027)
14.2.5 China One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume, Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2021-2027)
14.2.6 Japan One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume, Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2021-2027)
14.2.7 Southeast Asia One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume, Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2021-2027)
14.2.8 India One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume, Revenue and Growth Rate Forecast (2021-2027)
14.3 Global One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume, Revenue and Price Forecast by Type (2021-2027)
14.3.1 Global One-off Chopsticks Sales Forecast by Type (2021-2027)
14.3.2 Global One-off Chopsticks Revenue Forecast by Type (2021-2027)
14.3.3 Global One-off Chopsticks Price Forecast by Type (2021-2027)
14.4 Global One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume Forecast by Application (2021-2027)

15 Research Findings and Conclusion

16 Appendix
16.1 Methodology/Research Approach
16.1.1 Research Programs/Design
16.1.2 Market Size Estimation
16.1.3 Market Breakdown and Data Triangulation
16.2 Data Source
16.2.1 Secondary Sources
16.2.2 Primary Sources
16.3 Disclaimer
List of Tables and Figures

Figure Product Picture of One-off Chopsticks
Figure Global One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume Comparison (K Units) by Type (2016-2027)
Figure Global One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume Market Share by Type (Product Category) in 2017
Figure Bamboo Product Picture
Figure Plastic Product Picture
Figure Aspen Wood Product Picture
Figure Stainless Steels Product Picture
Figure Global One-off Chopsticks Sales Comparison (K Units) by Application (2016-2027)
Figure Global Sales Market Share of One-off Chopsticks by Application in 2017
Figure Household Examples
Table Key Downstream Customer in Household
Figure Restaurant Examples
Table Key Downstream Customer in Restaurant
Figure Commercial Examples
Table Key Downstream Customer in Commercial
Figure Global One-off Chopsticks Market Size (Million USD) by Regions (2016-2027)
Figure United States One-off Chopsticks Revenue (Million USD) and Growth Rate (2016-2027)
Figure Europe One-off Chopsticks Revenue (Million USD) and Growth Rate (2016-2027)
Figure China One-off Chopsticks Revenue (Million USD) and Growth Rate (2016-2027)
Figure Japan One-off Chopsticks Revenue (Million USD) and Growth Rate (2016-2027)
Figure Southeast Asia One-off Chopsticks Revenue (Million USD) and Growth Rate (2016-2027)
Figure India One-off Chopsticks Revenue (Million USD) and Growth Rate (2016-2027)
Figure Global One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume (K Units) and Growth Rate (2016-2027)
Figure Global One-off Chopsticks Revenue (Million USD) and Growth Rate (2016-2027)
Figure Global Market Major Players One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume (K Units) (2016-2021)
Table Global One-off Chopsticks Sales (K Units) of Key Players/Suppliers (2016-2021)
Table Global One-off Chopsticks Sales Share by Players/Suppliers (2016-2021)
Figure 2017 One-off Chopsticks Sales Share by Players/Suppliers
Figure 2017 One-off Chopsticks Sales Share by Players/Suppliers
Figure Global One-off Chopsticks Revenue (Million USD) by Players/Suppliers (2016-2021)
Table Global One-off Chopsticks Revenue (Million USD) by Players/Suppliers (2016-2021)
Table Global One-off Chopsticks Revenue Share by Players/Suppliers (2016-2021)
Table 2017 Global One-off Chopsticks Revenue Share by Players
Table 2017 Global One-off Chopsticks Revenue Share by Players
Table Global One-off Chopsticks Sales (K Units) and Market Share by Type (2016-2021)
Table Global One-off Chopsticks Sales Share (K Units) by Type (2016-2021)
Figure Sales Market Share of One-off Chopsticks by Type (2016-2021)
Figure Global One-off Chopsticks Sales Growth Rate by Type (2016-2021)
Table Global One-off Chopsticks Revenue (Million USD) and Market Share by Type (2016-2021)
Table Global One-off Chopsticks Revenue Share by Type (2016-2021)
Figure Revenue Market Share of One-off Chopsticks by Type (2016-2021)
Figure Global One-off Chopsticks Revenue Growth Rate by Type (2016-2021)
Table Global One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume (K Units) and Market Share by Region (2016-2021)
Table Global One-off Chopsticks Sales Share by Region (2016-2021)
Figure Sales Market Share of One-off Chopsticks by Region (2016-2021)
Figure Global One-off Chopsticks Sales Growth Rate by Region in 2017
Table Global One-off Chopsticks Revenue (Million USD) and Market Share by Region (2016-2021)
Table Global One-off Chopsticks Revenue Share (%) by Region (2016-2021)
Figure Revenue Market Share of One-off Chopsticks by Region (2016-2021)
Figure Global One-off Chopsticks Revenue Growth Rate by Region in 2017
Table Global One-off Chopsticks Revenue (Million USD) and Market Share by Region (2016-2021)
Table Global One-off Chopsticks Revenue Share (%) by Region (2016-2021)
Figure Revenue Market Share of One-off Chopsticks by Region (2016-2021)
Figure Global One-off Chopsticks Revenue Market Share by Region in 2017
Table Global One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume (K Units) and Market Share by Application (2016-2021)
Table Global One-off Chopsticks Sales Share (%) by Application (2016-2021)
Figure Sales Market Share of One-off Chopsticks by Application (2016-2021)
Figure Global One-off Chopsticks Sales Market Share by Application (2016-2021)
Figure United States One-off Chopsticks Sales (K Units) and Growth Rate (2016-2021)
Figure United States One-off Chopsticks Revenue (Million USD) and Growth Rate (2016-2021)
Figure United States One-off Chopsticks Sales Price (USD/Unit) Trend (2016-2021)
Table United States One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume (K Units) by Players (2016-2021)
Table United States One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume Market Share by Players (2016-2021)
Figure United States One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume Market Share by Players in 2017
Table United States One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume (K Units) by Type (2016-2021)
Table United States One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume Market Share by Type (2016-2021)
Figure United States One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume Market Share by Type in 2017
Table United States One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume (K Units) by Application (2016-2021)
Table United States One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume Market Share by Application (2016-2021)
Figure United States One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume Market Share by Application in 2017
Figure Europe One-off Chopsticks Sales (K Units) and Growth Rate (2016-2021)
Figure Europe One-off Chopsticks Revenue (Million USD) and Growth Rate (2016-2021)
Figure Europe One-off Chopsticks Sales Price (USD/Unit) Trend (2016-2021)
Table Europe One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume (K Units) by Players (2016-2021)
Table Europe One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume Market Share by Players (2016-2021)
Figure Europe One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume Market Share by Players in 2017
Table Europe One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume (K Units) by Type (2016-2021)
Table Europe One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume Market Share by Type (2016-2021)
Figure Europe One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume Market Share by Type in 2017
Table Europe One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume (K Units) by Application (2016-2021)
Table Europe One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume Market Share by Application (2016-2021)
Figure Europe One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume Market Share by Application in 2017
Figure China One-off Chopsticks Sales (K Units) and Growth Rate (2016-2021)
Figure China One-off Chopsticks Revenue (Million USD) and Growth Rate (2016-2021)
Figure China One-off Chopsticks Sales Price (USD/Unit) Trend (2016-2021)
Table China One-off Chopsticks Sales Volume (K Units

Direct Purchase
Your perfect start with Research Allied


Want to customize this report?

This report can be customized according to your requirements. Our analysts and industry experts will work directly with you to understand your requirements and provide you with customized data in a short amount of time.

We offer $1000 worth of FREE customization at the time of purchase.
RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo RA client logo

Research Allied Copyright © 2021 .